Skin Disease


  • Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease (a disease with an unclear cause that is characterized by inflammation caused by dysfunction of the immune system) that causes inflammation in the body.
  • There may be visible signs of the inflammation such as raised plaques (plaques may look different for different skin types) and scales on the skin.
  • Some people report that psoriasis plaques itch, burn and sting.
  • Plaques and scales may appear on any part of the body, although they are commonly found on the elbows, knees, and scalp.
  • Psoriasis can appear anywhere on the body, even on the eyelids, ears, lips, skin folds, hands, feet, and nails.
  • Plaques can be a few small patches or can affect large areas.

Psoriatic arthritis occurs when your body's immune system attacks healthy cells and tissue. The immune response causes inflammation in your joints as well as overproduction of skin cells. It seems likely that both genetic and environmental factors play a role in this immune system response. Many people with psoriatic arthritis have a family history of either psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. Researchers have discovered certain genetic markers that appear to be associated with psoriatic arthritis. Physical trauma or something in the environment — such as a viral or bacterial infection — might trigger psoriatic arthritis in people with an inherited tendency.

Scalp psoriasis affects over 60 percent of people living with psoriasis. Scalp psoriasis can affect the hairline, the forehead, the back of the neck and the skin in and around the ears.

Hands, feet and nails can also be affected by psoriasis. Palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP) refers to psoriasis that affects the palms of the hands and/or the soles of the feet. Between 12 and 16 percent of people living with psoriasis have palmoplantar psoriasis. Nail changes can also occur in 50percent of people living with psoriasis.


  • In Siddha&Ayurvedic medicine, eczema is mainly treated with Panchakarma therapy. This method is also used for other skin conditions like psoriasis and acne etc.
  • In Siddha, karappan noi can be related to Eczema. Though there are seven types of Karappan in Siddha according to Yugi muni’s classification but mainly we see two types of it clinically categorised as dry type and wet type. In dry type, itching is seen followed by scaling, hyperpigmentation, hyper keratinisation. In wet type itching followed with vesicles , oozing , then hyperpigmentation and only in later stage hyperkeratanisation. Karappan starts local itching.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) symptoms include:
  • Dry skin.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Red rashes.
  • Bumps on the skin.
  • Scaly, leathery patches of skin.
  • Crusting skin.
  • Swelling.

treatments that can help manage your symptoms.


  • Hives are usually caused by an allergic reaction to something that you have encountered or swallowed.
  • Symptom associated with hives is the welts that appear on the skin
  • They can be small and round, ring-shaped, or large and of random shape.
  • Hives are itchy, and they tend to appear in batches on the affected part of the body.
  • They can grow larger, change shape, and spread.


  • Chronic urticaria is a long-term condition. Doctors do not know exactly why it happens, but it may accompany a chronic health condition or an autoimmune condition. A person with chronic urticaria may have hives every day for months or years.
  • Urticaria is characterised by very itchy weals (hives), with or without surrounding erythematous flares
  • A weal (or wheal) is a superficial skin-coloured or pale skin swelling, usually surrounded by erythema that lasts anything from a few minutes to 24 hours.
  • Weals may be round, or form rings, a map-like pattern, or giant patches.


  • Vitiligo causes your skin to lose color or pigmentation. Smooth white or light areas called macules or patches appear on your skin. It generally starts on your hands, forearms, feet and face. Globally, about 1% of the population has vitiligo. Treatment isn’t necessary, but it’s available if you don’t like the changes to your skin tone.
  • The condition occurs when your body’s immune system destroys melanocytes. Melanocytes are skin cells that prod

Fungal Infection

Fungal infections are caused by hundreds of fungi that exist in our everyday environment. Most people can be exposed to fungi regularly without an adverse reaction, but certain conditions can cause the fungi to overgrow and cause symptoms. Those conditions include: Weakened immune system. Symptoms include:

  • discoloration and blisters on the affected area
  • the infected skin may be soft, or layers may start to break down
  • peeling or cracking skin
  • the skin may scale and peel away
  • itching, stinging, or burning sensations in the infected area


A skin condition that occurs when hair follicles plug with oil and dead skin cells. Acne is most common in teenagers and young adults.

Home remedies for Acne:

  • Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser. ...
  • Try over-the-counter acne products to dry excess oil and promote peeling. ...
  • Avoid irritants. ...
  • Protect your skin from the sun. ...
  • Avoid friction or pressure on your skin. ...
  • Avoid touching or picking acne-prone areas. ...
  • Shower after strenuous activities.


Darker patches of skin gradually develop on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. It is more common in women and is associated with pregnancy and medication containing hormones. Melasma is divided into three types: epidermal, dermal, and mixed melasma.